Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11434/368
Title: Evaluation of a conceptual framework for retraining high-level mobility following traumatic brain injury: two case reports
Epworth Authors: Williams, Gavin
Other Authors: Schache, Anthony
Keywords: Physiotherapy Department, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Rehabilitation
Brain Injuries
Injuries, Brain
TBI
Trauma, Brain
Traumatic Brain Injury
Gait
Running
Recovery of Function
Disability Evaluation
Stair Navigation
Hemiplegia
Kinematics
Mobility Limitation
High Level Mobility
Patient Outcome Assessment
Education of Patients
Posture
Stroke
Cerebrovascular Accident
Vascular Accident, Brain
Ataxia
Aerobic Exercise
Exercise Therapy
Neurologic Deficits
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation 2010; 25(3):164-172.
Abstract: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the primary cause of death and disability for 18- to 45-year-olds. High-level mobility is important for many of the social, leisure, sporting, and employment roles of young adults. The aim of these case reports was to evaluate a conceptual framework for retraining high-level mobility after TBI. The progression of 2 patients who had sustained a severe TBI but had contrasting clinical presentations was monitored over 6 months. Patient 1 presented with left hemiplegia following a TBI 10 years earlier, whereas patient 2 presented with ataxia 2 months following a TBI. Quantitative gait analysis and clinical measures of mobility were used to evaluate outcomes of a 6-month intervention phase. Intervention strategies were based on a conceptual framework comprising 2 main elements: (1) the hierarchical ordering of high-level mobility tasks and (2) the key biomechanical features of able-bodied running. Both patients achieved the ability to run by the end of the intervention phase. Patient 1 displayed improved gait symmetry associated with improved high-level mobility, despite the long-standing duration of his injury. Patient 2 demonstrated improved postural control and stability in gait that resulted in an ability to run, skip, hop, and jump. Findings of these case reports provide evidence supporting "proof of concept" that clinical interventions can lead to improvement in high-level mobility following severe TBI.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11434/368
DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181dc120b
PubMed URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20473090
ISSN: 0885-9701
1550-509X
Journal Title: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, School of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Evaluation Study
Appears in Collections:Neurosciences
Rehabilitation

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