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Title: Neurogenic bladder and urodynamic outcomes in patients with spinal cord myelopathy.
Epworth Authors: New, Peter
Other Authors: Dillon, Louise
Keywords: Prognosis
Spinal Cord Diseases
Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic
Urination Disorders
Indwelling Catheter
Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury
Spinal Cord Myelopathy
Neurogenic Bladder
Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Epworth HealthCare, Melbourne, Australia
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: Thomas Land Publishers
Citation: Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2015 Summer;21(3):250-6
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Urodynamics (UDs) are routine in traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), but there are few reports regarding nontraumatic spinal cord myelopathy (SCM) patients. PURPOSE: To describe the neurogenic bladder and UD outcomes in SCM patients and determine whether the UD recommendations result in clinically important changes to bladder management. METHODS: This retrospective case study examined a series of SCM patients admitted to a spinal rehabilitation service who underwent UDs between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2010. RESULTS: Sixty-five UD tests were performed a median of 7 months post SCM. Most (n = 34; 57%) patients were male, and the median age was 60 years. Most patients (n = 46; 77%) were paraplegic and were continent of urine (n = 38; 58%). Thirty-five (46%) patients voided on sensation, 26 (40%) performed intermittent self-catheterization, and 9 (14%) had an indwelling catheter. The most common UD finding was overactive detrusor with no dysynergia (n = 31; 48%), followed by overactive detrusor with sphincter dysynergia (n = 16; 25%) and detrusor areflexia/underactive (n = 12; 18%). Key UD findings were median cystometric capacity 414 mL (interquartile range [IQR], 300-590), median maximum detrusor contraction 49.5 cmH2O (IQR, 25-85), and median residual volume post voiding 100 mL (IQR, 5-200). The recommendations for changes to bladder management following UDs resulted in clinically important changes to existing strategies in 57 studies (88%). CONCLUSIONS: Future studies should ascertain whether our screening protocol is appropriate, and a longer-term follow-up should examine the relationship between UD recommendations and prevention of complications.
DOI: 10.1310/sci2103-250
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1082-0744
Journal Title: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Spinal Rehabilitation Service, Caulfield Hospital, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Continence Service and Aged Care, Caulfield Hospital, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Monash University, School of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Retrospective studies
Appears in Collections:Neurosciences
UroRenal, Vascular

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