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Title: A profile of four patterns of vulnerability to functional decline in older general medicine patients in Victoria, Australia: a cross sectional survey.
Epworth Authors: Khaw, Damien
Botti, Mari
Other Authors: Beddoes-Ley, L.
Duke, Maxine
Keywords: Vulnerable Elders
Functional Decline
Vulnerable Elders Survey
Physical Activity
Latent Class Analysis
Epworth HealthCare
Deakin University-Epworth Hospital Centre for Clinical Nursing Research, Epworth HealthCare, Australia
Issue Date: Aug-2016
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: BMC Geriatr. 2016 Aug 5;16:150
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There are limited published data reporting Australian hospitalized elders' vulnerability to functional decline to guide best practice interventions. The objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence of vulnerability to functional decline and explore profiles of vulnerability related to the performance of physical activity in a representative group of elders in a single centre in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients aged ≥ 70 years (Mean age 82.4, SD 7 years) admitted to a general medical ward of an Australian tertiary-referral metropolitan public hospital from March 2010 to March 2011 (n = 526). Patients were screened using the Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13). Distinct typologies of physical difficulties were identified using latent class analysis. RESULTS: Most elders scored ≥3/10 on the VES-13 and were rated vulnerable to functional decline (n = 480, 89.5 %). Four distinct classes of physical difficulty were identified: 1) Elders with higher physical functioning (n = 114, 21.7 %); 2) Ambulant elders with diminished strength (n = 24, 4.6 %); 3) Elders with impaired mobility, strength and ability to stoop (n = 267, 50.8 %) and 4) Elders with extensive physical impairment (n = 121, 23 %) Vulnerable elders were distributed through all classes. CONCLUSIONS: Older general medicine patients in Victoria, Australia, are highly vulnerable to functional decline. We identified four distinct patterns of physical difficulties associated with vulnerability to functional decline that can inform health service planning, delivery and education.
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-016-0323-1
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1471-2318
Journal Title: BMC Geriatrics
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: School of Nursing & Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, 3220, Australia
Deakin University-Alfred Hospital Nursing Research Centre, Prahran, 3181, Australia
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, 3220, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Cross-Sectional Study
Appears in Collections:Rehabilitation

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