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Title: Secondary conditions in a community sample of people with spinal cord damage.
Epworth Authors: New, Peter
Keywords: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury
Non-Traumatic Spinal Cord Dysfunction
SCI-Secondary Conditions Scale
Sprinal Cord Damage
Spinal Cord Diseases
Epworth-Monash Rehabilitation Medicine Unit, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Rehabilitation, Mental Health and Chronic Pain Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Feb-2016
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Citation: J Spinal Cord Med. 2016 Feb 23:1-6
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To compare secondary conditions in people with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and non-traumatic spinal cord dysfunction (SCDys). DESIGN: Survey; completed August 2012 - June 2013. SETTING: Community, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with spinal cord damage from any cause. INTERVENTIONS: Nil. OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic and clinical variables and the SCI-Secondary Conditions Scale (SCI-SCS). RESULTS: Survey completed by 150 people: 112 (74.7%) with traumatic SCI and 38 (25.3%) with non-traumatic SCDys a median of 10 years post onset. No significant difference (t = -0.6, P = 0.6) in the total SCI-SCS score between those with SCI (mean 13.7) and SCDys (mean 14.4). Except for bladder problems (SCDys mean = 1.5, SD = 1.1; SCI mean = 1.0, SD=1.1; t = -2.6, P = 0.01) there were no significant differences between the aetiology groups regarding the conditions comprising the SCI-SCS (all other P values >0.1). The most common significant or chronic problems from the SCI-SCS were: sexual problems 41%; chronic pain 24%; bladder dysfunction 17%; spasms 17%; joint and muscle pain 15%; bowel dysfunction 14%; circulation problems 14%; contractures 9%; urinary tract infections 9%; pressure ulcer 7% and postural hypotension 5%. A linear regression analysis found that tetraplegia and higher disability were the only variables that significantly influenced (R2 = 0.13; P = 0.005) the total SCI-SCS score and that sex, age, years post injury and etiology of spinal cord damage had no influence. CONCLUSIONS: Secondary conditions following spinal cord damage do not appear to be influenced by etiology. Prevention and management of secondary conditions following need to consider people with non-traumatic SCDys as well as those with traumatic SCI.
DOI: 10.1080/10790268.2016.1138600
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1079-0268
Journal Title: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Spinal Rehabilitation Service, Caulfield Hospital, Alfred Health , Melbourne , VIC , Australia
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine , Monash University , VIC , Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Survey
Appears in Collections:Neurosciences

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