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Title: Predictors of psychiatric disorders following traumatic brain injury.
Epworth Authors: Schonberger, Michael
Ponsford, Jennie
Johnston, Lisa
Other Authors: Whelan-Goodinson, Rochelle
Keywords: Brain Injuries
Posttraumatic Brain Injury Psychiatric Disorders
Traumatic Brain Injury
Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders
Psychiatric Disorders
Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Richmond, Victoria, Australia.
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
Citation: J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2010 Sep-Oct;25(5):320-9
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate predictors of posttraumatic brain injury psychiatric disorders. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional design with stratified random sampling of groups of patients on average 1 to 5 years postinjury. DSM-based diagnostic interviews of both traumatic brain injury (TBI) participant and informant. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred community-based participants, aged 19-74 years, with traumatic brain injury sustained 0.05-5.5 years previously. SETTING: Community-based patients previously treated at a rehabilitation hospital. MAIN MEASURE: The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV diagnosis. RESULTS: A psychiatric history was a high-risk factor for having the same disorder postinjury. However, the majority of cases of depression and anxiety were novel, suggesting that significant factors other than pre-TBI psychiatric status contribute to post-TBI psychiatric outcome. Female gender, lower education, and pain were also associated with postinjury depression and unemployment and older age with anxiety. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that long-term screening and support are important for individuals with TBI, regardless of preinjury psychiatric status
DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181c8f8e7
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0885-9701
Journal Title: The Journal of Health Trauma Rehabilitation
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: School of Psychology, Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Cross-Sectional Study
Appears in Collections:Mental Health

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