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Title: Descriptive analysis of oxygen use in Australian emergency departments.
Epworth Authors: Botti, Mari
Thomas, S.
Other Authors: Considine, Julie
Keywords: Anoxia
Chest Pain
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Supplemental Oxygen Use
Shortness of Breath
Emergency Service
Australian Emergency Departments
Epworth-Deakin Centre for Clinical Nursing Research
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Eur J Emerg Med. 2012 Feb;19(1):48-52
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the supplemental oxygen use in hospital emergency departments (EDs) in Victoria. A prospective exploratory design was used. All patients attending the three-study EDs during the data-collection periods and who could give informed consent were eligible for inclusion. A total of 346 patients were recruited and the prevalence of oxygen administration was 48.3%. The most common reasons for oxygen administration were shortness of breath (40.1%), chest pain (34.7%) and hypoxaemia (29.9%). Patients who received oxygen were older (P<0.001), had higher incidence of ambulance transport to ED (P<0.001) and hospital admission (P<0.001) and higher median respiratory (P<0.001) and median heart rates (P=0.008). Oxygen is a major component of emergency care. Patients who received oxygen were more likely to have clear evidence of physiological abnormalities; however, oxygen decision-making warrants more detailed investigation.
DOI: 10.1097/MEJ.0b013e328347283c
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0969-9546
Journal Title: European Journal of Emergency Medicine
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Deakin University-Northern Health Clinical Partnership, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.
Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Prospective Study
Appears in Collections:Emergency Care

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