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Title: Running abnormalities after traumatic brain injury.
Epworth Authors: Williams, Gavin
Other Authors: Schache, Anthony
Morris, Meg
Keywords: Brain Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Trauma, Brain
Injuries, Brain
Sports for Persons with Disabilities
Recovery of Function
Disability Evaluation
Motor Activity
Locomotor Activity
Physical Activity
Biomechanical Phenomena
Physiotherapy Department, Epworth Hospital, Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: Brain Injury 2013; Vol. 27, No.4: 434-443
Abstract: Primary objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the type and incidence of running abnormalities following TBI when compared to a group of healthy controls (HC) and report if these abnormalities were similar to those which are present during gait. Research design: A convenience sample of 44 people with TBI receiving therapy for mobility limitations and a sample of 15 healthy controls (HCs). Main outcomes and results: Spatio-temporal, kinematic and kinetic data at self-selected walking and running speeds were collected. People with TBI ran at significantly slower self-selected speeds than HCs. At matched running speeds, people with TBI used a higher cadence and shorter step length. The most commonly observed biomechanical abnormalities occurred at the knee during stance phase. Few trunk, pelvic or hip abnormalities were detected. Ankle power generation at push-off was significantly reduced, whereas hip extensor power generation at initial contact was significantly increased. Conclusion: Many people with TBI may actually be capable of running, despite the presence of significant biomechanical abnormalities during gait. A stable trunk may be an important requirement for people following TBI to achieve running.
DOI: 10.3109/02699052.2012.750754
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0269-9052
Journal Title: Brain Injury
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: School of Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Cohort Study
Appears in Collections:Rehabilitation

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