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Title: Can early cage integration in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion improve patient reported outcomes?
Epworth Authors: Malham, Gregory
Laggoune, Jordan
Wang, Yi Yuen
Other Authors: Biddau, Dean
Walsh, William
Keywords: Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
Fusion Rates
Symptomatic Pseudoarthrosis
Vertebral Endplate Bone
Interbody Cages
Polyether Ether Ketone
NanoMetalene Cage Technology
NMRT Cages
Biomechanical Stability
Interbody Fusion
Postoperative Clinical Outcomes
Fusion Progression
Neurosciences Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Oct-2022
Conference Name: Epworth HealthCare Research Month 2022
Conference Location: Epworth Research Institute, Victoria, Australia
Abstract: Fusion rates after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) are high, but most reoperations are for symptomatic pseudoarthrosis. Fusion between adjacent vertebrae is achieved by on-growth and in-growth of vertebral endplate bone to both interbody cage and graft. Interbody cages combining the mechanical and radiolucent properties of the polyether ether ketone (PEEK) modulus with the surface benefits of titanium (Ti) endplate osseointegration appear advantageous. NanoMetalene (NM) cage technology provides a continuous Ti layer molecularly bonded to PEEK to resist Ti flaking. Undercut macrostructure topography on and within an interbody cage may improve biomechanical stability and interbody fusion. Evidence regarding correlations between clinical outcomes and fusion after ACDF surgery remain inconclusive. Key findings: With both NM and NMRT cages, serial improvements in postoperative clinical outcomes correlated with fusion progression on CT. However, NMRT cages were associated with significantly better fusion at 3 months and a trend toward higher quality of fusion at 6 months, compared with NM cages. These results suggest earlier cage integration with NMRT. An early 3-month postoperative CT is adequate for fusion assessment in almost 80% of patients undergoing ACDF with a NMRT cage. The traditional 12-month postoperative CT for ACDF may not be justified when using either NM or NMRT cages; in most patients, it will merely confirm the presence of more consolidated interbody bone. AIM: we aimed to compare clinical outcomes and fusion rates in patients undergoing ACDF with one of two different interbody cages, the only difference being the presence or absence of machined porous features to promote bone-ingrowth/interlocking. This controlled study design isolated the effects of endplate interlocking features to directly determine the potential early clinical and radiologic benefits of these features.
Type: Conference Poster
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Prospective Cohort Study
Appears in Collections:Research Month

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