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Title: The natural history of Modic changes in a community-based cohort.
Epworth Authors: O'Sullivan, Richard
Other Authors: Teichtahl, Andrew
Finnin, Monica
Wang, Yuanyuan
Wluka, Anita
Urquhart, Donna
Jones, Graeme
Cicuttini, Flavia
Keywords: Disc, Intervertebral
Lumbar Spine
Vertebral Endplate Lesions
Modic Lesions
Epworth Medical Imaging, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Joint Bone Spine. 2016 Jun 17. pii: S1297-319X(16)30073-2.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Vertebral endplate (Modic) lesions are gaining interest, with varied phenotypes recognised to have distinct clinical and histological correlates. Nevertheless, the natural history of these lesions is unclear. This study examined the natural history of Modic changes and their potential relationship to the intervertebral disc. METHODS: Seventy-two community-based adults not selected for low back pain had lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed at baseline (2012) and approximately 2 years later to assess Modic lesions. Fifty-six participants completed the study. Intervertebral disc pathology was assessed by disc height and the Pfirrmann grading system at baseline. RESULTS: At baseline, 6 Modic type 1 lesions were present in 3 (4.2%) participants. At follow-up, 4 persisted, 2 changed to a Modic type 2 lesion, and there were 4 incident lesions. Only 1 participant (1.4%) had a baseline Modic type 3 lesion, which persisted at follow-up, with one further incident lesion. Modic type 2 lesions were most common (n=47, in 20 of 72 [27.8%] participants). Resolution of Modic type 2 lesions was uncommon (n=1, with 2 changing to a type 1 lesion). 18 incident lesions occurred in 7 (12.5%) participants, with most occurring both sides of the intervertebral disc. A reduction in the average baseline disc height was associated with an increased risk for type 2 incident lesions (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.3, P=0.03). Similarly, severe baseline disc degeneration at L3/4, L4/5 and L5/S1 was associated with an increased risk for type 2 incident lesions (all P≤0.05). CONCLUSION: This longitudinal study has demonstrated that Modic type 2 are the most common of the Modic lesions in community-based adults and while resolution of these lesions is uncommon, incident disease develops on both sides of the intervertebral disc in the setting of severe disc degeneration. These results suggest that type 2 Modic changes are a sequel of disc degeneration.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbspin.2016.03.011
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1297-319X
Journal Title: Joint Bone Spine
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Alfred Hospital, 3004 Melbourne, Australia.
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Commercial Road, 3004 Melbourne, Australia.
Department of Medicine, Central Clinical School, Monash University, 3004 Melbourne, France.
Menzies Research Institute, Tasmania, Private bag 23, 7000 Hobart, Australia.
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Cohort Study
Appears in Collections:Diagnostic Services

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