Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11434/647
Title: A brief neurocognitive assessment of patients with psychosis following traumatic brain injury (PFTBI): Use of the repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status (RBANS).
Epworth Authors: Ponsford, Jennie
Other Authors: Batty, Rachel
Francis, Andrew
Thomas, Neil
Hopwood, Malcolm
Rossell, Susan
Keywords: Cognition
Neurorecognition
Traumatic Brain Injury
TBI
Head Injury
Neuropsychology
Schizophrenia
Psychosis
Psychosis Following Traumatic Brain Injury
PFTBI
Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status
RBANS
Standardised Battery
Neuropsychological Assessment
Language Index
Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Epworth Hospital, Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: Mar-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Psychiatry Res. 2016 Mar 30;237:27-36
Abstract: Patients who develop psychosis following a traumatic brain injury (PFTBI) show impaired neurocognition; however, the degree of impairment has not been empirically investigated using a standardised battery. We administered the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) to patients with PFTBI (n=10), and to three groups of controls: traumatic brain injury (TBI) (n=10), schizophrenia (n=23), and nonclinical controls (n=23). The results confirmed that the cognitive neuropsychological profile of dually-diagnosed patients with PFTBI is significantly and substantially impaired. Seventy per cent of patients with PFTBI received a neuropsychological classification between the "extremely low" and "low average" ranges. Group-wise analyses on the RBANS indices indicated that patients with PFTBI had the lowest (Immediate Memory, Attention, Delayed Memory, Total Score), or equal lowest (visuospatial, equivalent with schizophrenia patients) scores, with the exception of the Language Index where no group differences were shown (however, the mean PFTBI score on the Language Index was two standard deviations below the RBANS normative score). These findings provide novel evidence of impaired cognitive neuropsychological processing in patients with PFTBI using a standardised and replicable battery.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11434/647
DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.01.062
PubMed URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26921048
ISSN: 0165-1781
Journal Title: Psychiatry Research
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Brain and Psychological Sciences Research Centre (BPsyC), Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Monash-Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre (MAPrc), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.
University of Melbourne, Department of Psychiatry, Albert Road Clinic, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Cohort Study
Appears in Collections:Mental Health
Neurosciences
Rehabilitation

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