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Title: Long-term employment outcomes following traumatic brain injury and orthopaedic trauma: A ten-year prospective study.
Epworth Authors: Ponsford, Jennie
Dahm, Jane
Keywords: Traumatic Orthopaedic Injury
Brain Injury
Traumatic Brain Injury
Long-term follow up
Inpatient Rehabilitation
Vocational Rehabilitation
Psychiatric Disorders
Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Richmond, Victoria, Australia.
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: Foundation for Rehabilitation Information
Citation: J Rehabil Med. 2016 Jan 25;47(10):932-40.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the trajectory and predictors of employment over a period of 10 years following traumatic brain injury and traumatic orthopaedic injury. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up at 1, 2, 5 and 10 years post-injury. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-nine individuals with traumatic brain injury and 79 with traumatic orthopaedic injury recruited from Epworth HealthCare in Melbourne, Australia during inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Information was obtained from medical files and self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Individuals with traumatic brain injury were less likely to be competitively employed during the period up to 10 years post-injury compared with individuals with traumatic orthopaedic injury, although there was evidence of increasing employment participation during that time. More severe traumatic brain injury, older age, pre-injury psychological treatment, and studying or having a blue-collar occupation at time of injury were associated with poorer employment outcomes. Individuals with traumatic brain injury had spent less time with their current employer and were less likely to have increased responsibility since the injury than those with traumatic orthopaedic injury. At least half of each group reported difficulty at work due to fatigue. CONCLUSION: Given the potential for gains in employment participation over an extended time-frame, there may be benefit in ongoing access to individualized vocational rehabilitation. Particular areas of focus would include managing fatigue and psychiatric disorders, and exploring supported occupational activity for all levels of injury severity.
DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2016
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1650-1977
Journal Title: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Prospective Study
Appears in Collections:Mental Health

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