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Title: Percutaneous coronary intervention in very elderly patients. In-hospital mortality and clinical outcome.
Authors: Dick, Ronald
Oqueli, Ernesto
Keywords: Victorian Heart Centre, Epworth Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Aged, 80 and over
Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization
In-Hospital Mortality
Treatment Outcome
Drug-Eluting Stents
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Myocardial Infarction
Patient Outcome Assessment
Assessment, Patient Outcomes
Outcomes Assessments, Patient
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Heart Lung and Circulation. 2011 Oct;20(10):622-8.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There are very few data about percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in very elderly patients. This study was aimed at assessing the demographic, clinical and angiographic features, procedural characteristics and in-hospital results of very elderly patients (VEP), aged ≥85 years undergoing PCI and comparing their results with those of a control group (CG) of patients younger than 85 years undergoing PCI throughout the same period of time. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between November 2004 and January 2007, 1699 consecutive PCI procedures were evaluated, 102 (6%) PCI procedures were performed in VEP and 1597 (94%) in patients <85 years. The mean age in the VEP group was 87.4 ± 2.4 years vs. 66.7 ± 11.2 years in the CG (p<0.0001). There were more females in the VEP group 49% vs. 22% than in the CG p<0.0001. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) were a more frequent indication for PCI in VEP than in the CG: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) 14.7% vs. 8.3%, p = 0.025 and non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes 54.9% vs. 43.5%, p = 0.024. The proportion of drug-eluting stents used, although high in both groups, was lower in VEP than in the CG (86.5% vs. 92.9%, p = 0.005). Angiographic lesion success rates were similar in both groups (95.9%). Global unadjusted in-hospital mortality was higher in the VEP group in comparison with the CG 3.9% vs. 0.68%, p = 0.01. The difference in mortality was due only to PCI in patients presenting with STEMI (26.6% in VEP group vs. 3.7% in the CG p = 0.007). There were no in-hospital deaths in VEP presenting with stable coronary syndromes or other ACS. There were no differences in unadjusted in-hospital myocardial infarction, new revascularisation or stroke between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients ≥85 years old, PCI seems effective and carries an acceptable in-hospital mortality rate. The presence of STEMI substantially increases the risk of in-hospital death.
DOI: 10.1016/j.hlc.2010.08.012
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1443-9506
Journal Title: Heart Lung and Circulation
Type: Journal Article
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Comparative Study
Appears in Collections:Cardiac Sciences

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