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|Title:||Cross-Cultural Examination of the Structure of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R).|
|Epworth Authors:||Botti, Mari|
|Other Authors:||Jorgensen, Emmy|
|Keywords:||Epworth/Deakin Centre for Clinical Nursing Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.|
Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire
Postoperative Pain Management
|Publisher:||American Pain Society|
|Citation:||J Pain. 2015 Aug;16(8):727-40|
|Abstract:||This study investigated the cross-cultural factor stability and internal consistency of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R), a measure of the quality of postoperative pain management used internationally. We conducted exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of APS-POQ-R data from 2 point prevalence studies comprising 268 and 311 surveys of Danish and Australian medical-surgical patients, respectively. Parallel analysis indicated 4- and 3-factor solutions for Danish and Australian patients, respectively, which accounted for 58.1% and 52.9% of variance. Internal consistency was unsatisfactory among both Danish (Cronbach α = .54) and Australian (Cronbach α = .63) cohorts. There was a high degree of between-group similarity in item-factor loadings of variables coded as "pain experience," but not "pain management." This finding reflected cross-cultural differences in ratings of treatment satisfaction. For Danish patients, satisfaction was associated with the degree of pain severity and activity interference, whereas for Australian patients, satisfaction was associated with their perceived ability to participate in treatment. To facilitate further cross-cultural comparison, we compared our findings with past research conducted in the United States and Iceland. EFA supported the construct validity of the APS-POQ-R as a measure of "pain experience" but indicated that items measuring "pain management" may vary cross-culturally. Findings highlighted the need for further validation of the APS-POQ-R internationally. PERSPECTIVE: This study revealed the APS-POQ-R as a valid measure of postoperative pain experience for Danish and Australian patients. Measures of patients' perception of pain management were not robust to group differences in treatment expectations and demonstrated cross-cultural instability. Results highlighted the difficulties in establishing stable cross-cultural, cross-population subscales for the APS-POQ-R.|
|Journal Title:||The Journal of Pain|
|Affiliated Organisations:||Department of Nursing Research, VIA University College, Holstebro, Denmark|
Hospitalsenheden Vest, Region Midtjylland, Denmark
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
|Type of Clinical Study or Trial:||Survey|
|Appears in Collections:||Pain Management|
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