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Title: Changes in self-reported pre- to postinjury coping styles in the first 3 years after traumatic brain injury and the effects on psychosocial and emotional functioning and quality of life.
Epworth Authors: Gould, Kate
Spitz, Gershon
Ponsford, Jennie
Other Authors: Gregorio, Gisela
vanHeugten, Caroline
Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury
Post Traumatic Amnesia
Coping Scale for Adults
Quality of Life Inventory
Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
Psychosocial Fuctioning
Emotional Functioning
Monash-Epworth Rehabilitation Research Centre, Richmond, Victoria, Australia.
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3) E43-53
Abstract: Objective: To examine the influence of self-reported preinjury coping on postinjury coping, psychosocial functioning, emotional functioning, and quality of life at 1 year following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Setting: Inpatient hospital and community. Participants: One hundred seventy-four participants with TBI. Design: Prospective, longitudinal design. Participants were assessed at 5 time points: after emerging from posttraumatic amnesia, and at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months postinjury. Main Measures: –Short Version; Quality of Life Inventory; Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: High preinjury use of nonproductive coping style predicted high use of nonproductive coping, more anxiety, and lower psychosocial functioning at 1 year postinjury. Increased use of nonproductive coping and decreased use of productive coping predicted poorer psychosocial outcome at 1 year post-TBI. Use of both productive and nonproductive coping decreased in the first 6 to 12 months post-TBI relative to preinjury. Unlike productive coping, nonproductive coping reached preinjury levels within 3 years postinjury. Conclusion: The findings support identification of individuals at risk of relying on nonproductive coping and poorer psychosocial outcome following TBI. In addition, the results emphasize the need to implement timely interventions to facilitate productive coping and reduce the use of nonproductive coping in order to maximize favorable long-term psychosocial outcome.
DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e318292fb00
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 0885-9701
Journal Title: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Faculty of Health, Medicine, and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
School of Psychology and Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Science, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Prospective Cohort Study
Appears in Collections:Mental Health

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