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|Title:||Patient and family engagement in communicating with electronic medical records in hospitals: A systematic review.|
|Other Authors:||Manias, E.|
Electronic Medical Records
Health Informatics Clinical Institute, Epworth HealthCare, Victoria, Australia
|Abstract:||Background Use of electronic medical records (EMRs) in hospitals affects how individuals communicate with each other. Objective To examine how EMRs mediate communication between inpatients, their families, and health professionals to support patient and family engagement in care. Methods The following electronic bibliographic databases were searched for relevant studies: Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library, CINAHL, Medline, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycInfo, and EMBASE. Results The search identified 850 papers, and of these, 32 met the inclusion criteria. Interactions with the EMR tended to be unidirectional in nature, where health professionals consulted with patients and families to update patient information. Engagement rarely extended to facilitating patient and family participation beyond consultation. There were few examples of patient and family partnership and shared leadership, mainly with secure messaging and use of the patient portal. Strategies that worked in facilitating active engagement involved patients and families employing creative means of gathering information and directing this information to health professionals. Use of such strategies were rare and involved the attributes of particular individuals, rather than considering the inherent culture of clinical settings. Conclusion Further research is urgently needed to examine possibilities of patient and family involvement in treatment modalities, and partnership and shared governance in using the EMR.|
|Journal Title:||Intl J. Medical Informatics|
|Affiliated Organisations:||Health Informatics|
|Type of Clinical Study or Trial:||Systematic Reviews|
|Appears in Collections:||Health Informatics|
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