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Title: A randomised control trial of an Internet-based cognitive behaviour treatment for mood disorder in adults with chronic spinal cord injury.
Authors: New, Peter
Other Authors: Migliorini, Christine
Sinclair, Andrew
Brown, Doug
Tonge, Bruce
Keywords: Spinal Cord Injury
Mood Disorder
Electronic Personal Administration of Cognitive Therapy
Internet-Based Interventions
Cognitive Therapy
Satisfaction with Life
Depression, Anxiety & Stress Scale-Short Form
Personal Well-Being Index
Spinal Cord Lesion Emotional Well-being Scale v1 Australia
Cognitive Therapy
Outcome Assessment
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Treatment Outcome
Epworth-Monash Rehabilitation Medicine Unit, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Spinal Cord. 2016 Sep;54(9):695-701
Abstract: STUDY DESIGN: Prospective parallel waitlist randomised controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of an Internet-based psychological intervention treating comorbid mood disorder in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). Improved mood and satisfaction with life were primary outcomes. SETTING: Victoria, Australia. INTERVENTION: Electronic Personal Administration of Cognitive Therapy (ePACT). MEASURES: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-Short Form (DASS21), Personal Well-being Index, Helplessness subscale of the Spinal Cord Lesion Emotional Well-being Scale v1 Australia, at each time point.Participant qualifying criteria:Adults (18-70 years), chronic SCI, attend SCI review clinic at Austin or Caulfield Hospital and score above normative threshold of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-Short Form (DASS21). METHODS: Forty-eight participants completed Time 2 post intervention (n=23) or time equivalent for waitlist control group (n=25) telephone interviews. The measures were repeated a third time (Time 3) for a small subgroup (n=12) at 6 months post intervention within the study implementation time frame. RESULTS: Univariate within group analyses revealed significant improvement in mood in the intervention group at Time 2: (lower depression (effect size (ES)=0.4), anxiety (ES=0.4) and stress (ES=0.3)) and higher satisfaction with life (ES=0.2). Waitlist control group improved in depression only (ES=0.3) by Time 2. Multilevel variance components analyses, although not as positive, were still encouraging. Improvement in mood symptoms was maintained in the small group reinterviewed at Time 3. CONCLUSION: Although Internet-based interventions for mental health issues in SCI not a solution for all, our results indicate that they are a potentially valuable addition to the currently available options.
DOI: 10.1038/sc.2015.221
PubMed URL:
ISSN: 1362-4393
Journal Title: Spinal Cord
Type: Journal Article
Affiliated Organisations: Centre for Developmental Psychiatry and Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Department of Occupational Therapy, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Case Management and Outreach Services, Independence Australia, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Spinal Research Institute, Austin Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Spinal Rehabilitation Service, Caulfield Hospital, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Type of Clinical Study or Trial: Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Appears in Collections:Mental Health

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